The Compliance and Enforcement Branch (C&E) is part of the Ministry of Forests. C&E monitors and enforces compliance with all natural resource legislation and their related regulations, and are not limited to FRPA and the Wildfire Act. C&E can issue remediation orders, stop work, and levy penalties for non-compliance. In contrast, the Board is independent from government and its complaint investigation process examines compliance with FRPA and the Wildfire Act, as well as the appropriateness of government’s enforcement, offering recommendations for improvement when deemed necessary. The Board cannot levy penalties, stop-work, or direct companies to comply.