Professional Reliance

Reliance on the judgment of appropriate professionals who are authorized and qualified to provide a service.


Deep hoof prints left by large ungulates on moist, fine-textured soils of streams and wetlands.

Proper Functioning Condition

The ability of a stream, river, wetland, or lake, and its riparian area, to withstand: normal peak flood events without experiencing accelerated soil loss; channel movement or bank movement; filter runoff; and store and safely release water.


All activities that interrupt the dispersal of new invasive plant species into a geographic area or specific location where they were not previously found.

Prescribed Fire

Knowledgeable and controlled application of fire to a specific unit of land to meet predetermined resource management objectives.

Point Disturbance

Any disturbance that is concentrated within a small area, such as at a gate or stream crossing.


A deeply-rooted plant deriving its moisture from subsurface sources.


A condition where the soil has eroded from around individual plants leaving them on small pedestals of soil. Sometimes results from frost heaving.

Party (to a complaint)

As defined in the Forest and Range Practices Act, “party” means

(a) the government,
(b) the holder of an agreement under the Forest Act,
(c) the holder of an agreement under the Range Act,
(d) a person responsible for establishing a free growing stand as a result of an agreement referred to in section 29.1 (1) or (3),
(e) a person responsible for maintaining or deactivating a road, under a regulation under section 155 (1) (d), or
(f) a person referred to in section 122 (2) who may be audited or investigated under that section.


All those directly involved in a complaint including complainants, subjects, parties and adversely affected persons, but not other interested persons.