Colocation is the practice of overlapping wildlife tree retention in cutblocks with adjacent wildlife habitat areas or other areas reserved from harvest.

On March 29, 2021, the Forest Practices Board received a complaint from Joan Rosenberg about colocation within Tree Farm Licence (TFL) 44 near Port Alberni. Although the complainant was satisfied with the licensees’ stewardship practices regarding colocation in TFL 44, she remains concerned about the practice elsewhere in the province and government guidance that encourages it.


The Nahmint landscape unit, located southwest of Port Alberni, has been the subject of great public interest and concern since the 1970s. In 2000, the Vancouver Island Land Use Plan Higher Level Plan Order (HLPO) recognized the importance of the Nahmint for biodiversity conservation.

In 2018, the Ancient Forest Alliance complained that BC Timber Sales (BCTS) was not complying with some HLPO requirements, government’s Compliance and Enforcement Branch did not investigate its complaint about the matter, and that BCTS is harvesting at risk plant communities and exceptionally large trees. The Board investigated the complaint and made four recommendations.

In September 2020, the Board audited BC Timber Sales’ (BCTS) forestry operations in the Seaward-tslata Business Area. The business area includes the North Island – Central Coast Natural and the Campbell Rive natural resource districts. The audit was a full scope compliance audit that included those operations that took place over a one-year period starting in September 2019. During this period BCTS harvested about 300 000 cubic metres.

BCTS’s operations on northern Vancouver Island extend from the Nimpkish River in the south to the north end of the island, and operations on the mainland extend from Knight Inlet north to Kimsquit and Klemtu north of Bella Bella.

The audit found that operational planning, timber harvesting, road and bridge construction, maintenance and deactivation, silviculture, and fire protection activities complied in all significant respects with the requirements of the Forest and Range Practices Act, the Wildfire Act and related regulations.

As part of its 2020 compliance audit program, the Board chose three areas across the province to audit forest service roads (FSRs) where the district manager (DM) has statutory obligations. The Board randomly selected the Dawson Creek Timber Supply Area portion of the Peace Natural Resource District, the Campbell River Natural Resource District and the Okanagan Shuswap Natural Resource District for audit.

This is the Campbell River Natural Resource District audit report. The audit was limited scope focused on FSR’s (including major structures) construction, maintenance and deactivation practices between June 1, 2018, and October 22, 2020.

The audit found the activities of the District Manager complied with the requirements of the Forest and Range Practices Act.

In February 2018, the Forest Practices Board received a complaint from residents of East Thurlow Island about forest planning for old forest and red- and blue-listed plant communities in the Great Bear Rainforest. The complainants believed that TimberWest’s planning did not meet the intent of the Great Bear Rainforest Order, and that it favored the harvest of timber over the conservation of ecological integrity.

The Board concludes TimberWest is meeting the intent of the Order on East Thurlow Island.

A professional biologist with black bear expertise submitted a complaint on April 8, 2019, asserting that black bear dens in large diameter, old trees are being lost to harvesting old growth forests on Vancouver Island. The complainant is concerned that the declining availability of large trees will eventually affect population numbers.

The Board concluded that there is uncertainty in terms of the population status of black bears on Vancouver Island.

For its first compliance audit of 2019, the Board selected Pacheedaht Andersen Timber Holdings Limited Partnership’s (PATH) tree farm licence (TFL) 61 for audit. PATH is a partnership between Pacheedaht First Nation and Andersen Timber.

TFL 61 is located on southwestern Vancouver Island between Port Renfrew and Jordan River. This was a full scope compliance audit and all activities carried out between May 1, 2017, and May 13, 2019, were eligible for audit.

The Forest Practices Board received a complaint about compliance of planning and practices under the Haida Gwaii Land Use Objectives Order by British Columbia Timber Sales. The complainant identified cutblocks in the Naikoon landscape unit and was specifically concerned about sustainable stewardship of cedar, watershed level hydrological processes, and landscape level conservation of biodiversity. The complaint also provided the Board with opportunity to see how ecosystem based management on Haida Gwaii.

Board investigators field reviewed cutblocks identified by the complainant and found BCTS planning and practices in the Naikoon landscape unit for sustainable cedar management, watershed level hydrologic processes and landscape level biodiversity are compliant with requirements under the Order.  As well, the Board found that implementation of the Order in the Naikoon LU is currently meeting the intent of ecosystem-based management, according to its underlying principles and the necessary requirements to address such a complicated resource challenge.

The Forest Practices Board received a complaint that alleged forestry activities by A&A Trading, Taan Forest, and BC Timber Sales in the Skidegate Landscape Unit (LU) on Haida Gwaii resulted in landslides, road failures and siltation of fish-bearing streams. In addition, the complainant believes that ecological representation targets for old forest in the Skidegate LU are not being met.

Board investigators field reviewed areas of concern and did not find any evidence that primary forest activities caused a landslide that had a material adverse effect, or that cutblocks and roads contributed sediment to fish bearing streams. The investigators observed that roads were well constructed and maintained.

The ecological representation targets for old forest are in a deficit, but licensees are implementing a recruitment strategy consistent with the legally binding Haida Gwaii Land Use Objectives Order. Not all recruitment areas have been spatially defined, and the Board encourages the licensees and government to finalize the spatial identification of all recruitment polygons as soon as possible.

In late July, the Forest Practices Board audited the forest activities of Western Forest Products Inc.  in Blocks 2 and 5 of tree farm licence 39. Block 2 is located near Sayward on Vancouver Island, and Block 5 is located on the mainland coast in the Phillips River watershed.

This was a full scope compliance audit and all activities carried out between July 1, 2017, and July 27, 2018, were eligible for audit. The Board found that Western complied with the requirements of the Forest and Range Practices Act and the Wildfire Act. This is the third audit of the TFL since 2008, and all have shown good results.